RESEARCH says it is important that Children need to be able to self soothe by the time they are five years old.
A study conducted at Queensland University of Technology in Australia has found that children who are able to soothe themselves back to sleep by the time they are five years old tend to have an easier time adjusting to school compared to kids with issues sleeping.
The large-scale study, which followed nearly 3,000 children from birth to age 6 or 7, found that one-third of kids have sleep problems that led to emotional and behavioral issues in the classroom, including a greater risk of developing attention deficit disorder.
As one of the first studies to use such a large sample size to examine long-term effects, parents were asked to report their child’s sleep while teachers then reported on the child’s ability to adjust in a school setting.
Those problematic sleep issues — the inability to self-regulate their attention or to soothe themselves back to sleep without the aid of a parent — were clearly associated with hyperactivity, poorer classroom self-regulation, and emotional outbursts.
“We now know 70 percent of children are regulating their own sleep by 5 years, but for the remaining third it may be detrimental to them developmentally over time,” said Dr. Kate Williams from the university’s Faculty of Education, School of Early Childhood. “The overwhelming finding is it’s vital to get children’s sleep behaviors right by the time they turn five.”
What can a parent do to get their kids on the right track before they reach that crucial age?
Dr Williams said there was an opportunity for better awareness about sleep hygiene practices before children started school.
“Parents can withdraw some habits, like lying with children over and over, letting them into their bed, it’s really important to give children a sense of skill so they can do these things themselves,” she said.
“Sleep problems can be sorted out long before a child reaches school age, provided parents and childcare workers are aware and supported,” she said. “Prevention is the key.”
Does your preschooler still struggle to self soothe?
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