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February 15, 2018

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Without mandatory safety standards, indoor trampoline parks are an accident waiting to happen. Half of injuries at trampoline parks are among children aged ten to 14 years.

Lisa Nicole Sharwood, University of Sydney; David Eager, University of Technology Sydney, and Susan Adams, UNSW

Yesterday we shared a story on a little boy who walked around for five weeks with a broken neck after an accident on the trampoline. We also warned parents that it is an activity that NO six year old should be participating in – This is Why Children Under Six Should NOT Be on Trampolines

Parents are always on the lookout for ways to entertain their kids, whether it’s for birthday parties, school holidays, or a way to escape the house on a rainy weekend. We also like to encourage physical activity, to ward off the obesity risks from too much couch time and junk food.

Indoor trampoline parks have rapidly become a popular solution. The first park opened in 2012 and there are now around 80 across the country.

Attendance has soared, and so too has the number of injuries, as our research – published today in the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health – shows. Some injuries are minor but others have resulted in permanent disability.



Read more:
How to prevent injury from sport and exercise


While some indoor trampoline parks operate to a high safety standard, others don’t, and there’s nothing compelling them to lift their game. Voluntary Australian safety standards are currently in draft form and under review, but to make a real difference to kids’ safety these standards must be mandatory.

Safety risks

Emergency departments across Victoria, Queensland and Western Australia saw almost 500 injures from indoor trampoline parks between 2012 and 2016. And that’s an underestimate; our research used data from the state’s injury surveillance databases, missing those treated in private hospitals or by their GP.

Dislocations, sprains and strains were most common, followed by fractures. Some 15% of children presenting to hospital were admitted due the serious nature of their injuries.

More than half of all injuries were in children aged 10 to 14 years, with girls just as likely to be injured as boys.



There are no mandatory safety standards for foam pits.
Nan Palmero, CC BY

The biggest problem was when multiple users were on one trampoline, attempting to do somersaults or flips, or landing awkwardly.

Another key problem is when users jump into the foam landing pit, which is not mandated to ensure sufficient depth, padding and impact reduction. It would be possible to land on a concrete block on your head, for example.

Trampoline park operators ask entrants to sign a risk warning and waiver, accepting the “risk of personal injury and death”, prior to entry. While this risk might be low, in rare cases users have sustained permanent and lifelong disability. The case of one user sustaining spinal cord damage resulting in lifelong quadriplegia, for example, is now before the courts.



Read more:
Explainer: what is traumatic brain injury?


This trend has been also seen internationally, where a previously fit and healthy 30-year-old man attempted a flip and landed awkwardly in a foam pit. The pit was only half the recommended depth, and the injury cost the man his life.

We need mandatory standards

Entrepreneurs have cashed in on the rapid growth of trampoline park venues across Australia, with one generating A$32 million of revenue in the first two years.

The problem is that there is currently no Australian standard for indoor trampoline parks – voluntary or mandatory. That means anyone can set up a profitable park by importing cheap trampolines, squeezing as many as they can into a facility, and scrimping on daily safety checks and maintenance.

Regulators have drafted a voluntary set of safety standards – minimum safety thresholds – to reduce the risk of serious traumatic injuries at indoor trampoline parks. These are currently under review, pending publication later this year. But these are voluntary; park operators can choose to follow them or not.

Australian standards for indoor trampoline parks would ensure operators are consistently setting up and running safe and well-maintained venues. Recommendations to make these venues safer include:

  • ensuring that surrounding landing surfaces have adequate, appropriately placed protective padding in good condition
  • ensuing that damaged or worn equipment is replaced
  • improving the safety of those who jump into foam pits, by specifying a minimum pit depth and using thick foam blocks on concrete floors to absorb the shock or, preferably, a second trampoline
  • including a “failsafe” mechanism such as nets beneath trampoline mats, or second trampolines
  • daily pre-opening maintenance and safety checks with appropriate governance.

Until park operators are mandated to adhere to safety standards, patrons have limited legal recourse in cases where trampoline parks do not comply.



Some indoor trampoline parks are better than others.
Pictures I Like, CC BY

So what can you do?

Well, you can use your own or a friend’s outdoor trampoline. While there are, of course, risks for children jumping on backyard trampolines, Australian standards apply to the import, enclosure systems, structural integrity, and entrapment risks to protect children falling off or being injured on elevated trampolines. The ACCC provides a good safety checklist for choosing a backyard trampoline.

If you are going to send your kids to an indoor trampoline park, opt for one with Australian Trampoline Park Association accreditation. This is a code of practice to which ATPA members must adhere, and which covers around one-third of parks. While we wait for mandatory regulation, indoor trampoline park users can vote with their feet and choose to jump at centres that take safety seriously.


The Conversation
Read more:
Two-hour screen limit for kids is virtually impossible to enforce


Lisa Nicole Sharwood, Injury epidemiologist, University of Sydney; David Eager, Professor of Risk Management and Injury Prevention and Assistant Student Ombud, University of Technology Sydney, and Susan Adams, Paediatric Surgeon and Conjoint Lecturer in the School of Women’s & Children’s Health, UNSW

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.

  • Mandatory rules should be brought in and fast. I have heard on talk radio that often these parks are asking their patrons to sign waivers so they won’t be help responsible should an accident happen. Don’t think the waivers would stand up in court, but a lot of people might be too gullible to realise it.

    Reply

  • It is important that only one person be on a trampoline at a time.
    Even the most careful – child or adult can land awkwardly – the same as doing somersaults or skipping etc. At gym clubs during lessons an adult has a mat that they put on the side of the top of a trampoline if the person on it likes going to close to the edge at all. It stops the actual trampoline mat giving any bounce and the person going up into the air and landing in an unsafe area. I have witnessed this procedure many times.

    Reply

  • This is a real worry, very concerning.

    Reply

  • Frightening! Absolutely there needs to be some mandatory standards and regulations. I can’t believe there is not already.

    Reply

  • I didn’t realise there were no mandatory requirements for trampoline parks?! How is that possible in Australia in this day and age?

    Reply

  • Not a fan of trampoline parks/venues. Home trampolines a definite yes and never any injuries.


    • The different standards just do not make any sense.

    Reply

  • These safety standards must be made mandatory ASAP and until then all Trampoline Parks that don’t meet the safety standards should be closed until they do !

    Reply

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