January 18, 2022


Each year in Australia, an average of 23 children under five die from unintentional drowning, usually due to factors such as a lack of adult supervision, unrestricted access to water and not having the skills to stay safe in water.

Teaching children to swim is crucial to prevent drowning; it’s also good for fun and fitness, and sets kids up for a lifetime of water enjoyment.

But when is the best age to enrol children in swimming?

Age four is a good time to start

Best age to start swimming lessons

Many learn-to-swim schools offer lessons for children as young as six months, and parents often feel under pressure to get kids started as early as possible.

These lessons can help a child get used to water, learn to put their face under and learn to close their mouths. They can also be a great opportunity for parent and child to bond, as the caregiver is in the water with the child. Research has even suggested swimming in the early years can benefit physical, cognitive and language skills among three to five year olds.

But while it may be possible to teach young infants basic motor skills in water, infants cannot, and should not, be expected to know how to swim or to be able to react appropriately in emergencies.

There’s not a lot of research available on what age is the “best” time to start swim lessons. But studies from Australia suggest children start being able to master water confidence and basic aquatic locomotive skills at around four years of age, regardless of the age they are when lessons begin.

The same researchers also reported that regardless of whether lessons began at two, three or four years of age, children achieved the skills necessary to perform freestyle at five and a half years of age.

Some evidence suggests swimming lessons improve swimming ability and behaviour around the pool in younger children (between two and four years of age).

But the jury is out on how well these skills are maintained in the long term.

You may have also seen videos circulating on social media showing infants being tossed into pools and rolling over to float on their back unassisted.

But Austswim, Australia’s national organisation for the teaching of swimming and water safety, has advised against forced back float and submersion in favour of more developmentally appropriate strategies.

Research I led also showed a negative prior aquatic experience, which can occur during formal learn-to-swim lessons, can negatively impact a child’s achievement level.

Consistency is key

Parents sometimes enrol their children in swimming lessons at a young age and then pull them out before minimum competencies are achieved, frustrated by the cost of lessons and the seemingly slow progress.

COVID has also interrupted swimming lessons and water safety education for many children.

Some will return to lessons and catch up, but some may never return – perhaps due to the cost of lessons or because the child is now focused on a different sport or activity.

So when considering whether to enrol your child in swimming lessons, consider sticking with it over the long term until your child truly has the skills to stay safe in the water.


Once enrolled, what’s the best way to learn?

When to start swimming lessons

You might be wondering what’s better: a short weekly lesson or school holiday intensives, where the child does a swim lesson every day for a week or two.

The answer may depend on your family’s schedule and what’s available in your area but even if you opt for holiday intensives, try to provide opportunities for your child to regularly practise the skills learned in the pool.

Research I co-authored found the more often a child swims (formally or informally) in a pool, at the beach or at the river, the better they will do at swimming lessons. My coauthors and I recommended children swim at least once a fortnight.

It has been a tragic summer for drowning so far, with several factors increasing the risk at this time of year. Therefore, water safety is vital.

For children, in addition to learning to swim, that means active adult supervision of children at all times around the water, checking the pool fence and gate are in good working order and learning CPR so you have the skills to respond in an emergency. The Conversation

Amy Peden, Lecturer – Injury Prevention, UNSW

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

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  • We have our 2yo in swimming lessons but recently pulled her out. Whilst she is learning some things we are currently in the middle of terrible 2s and lessons are spent more having tantrums. Will wait a little and put her back in but im the meantime will continue to talk to her about swimming safety


  • I don’t think they learn much as babies at actual lessons, but more getting used to the water. I think around two years they take more in. They should always be supervised.


  • I like the idea of early swimming lessons if kids are going to be around water. Doesn’t mean they need to learn freestyle, just basic skills


  • Good for babies to get used to the water.


  • Get them in the water as soon as possible! Knowing how it swim is an essential life skill


  • My girl started at 6 months but only lasted a few months until baby #2 came along. Was feeling so guilty about it until I read this. 4yo seems much more appropriate to me. Baby lessons were a bit repetitive ????


  • We put our daughter into lessons later that we wanted due to Covid and unfortunately had to stop again due to covid and costs. I think learning to swim is such an important skill to have, even from a young age, just the awareness of the water and getting used to the feeling. Too many people die from drowning when there are skills that can be taught even from a young age to potentially help!


  • My bubs is only 4 months old, however I was feeling pressure from other mums to put him into swim lessons by 6months.
    After reading this article I might wait a few years before starting him.


  • Both my daughters began swimming lessons at 6 months. I don’t expect them to be able to swim by themselves anytime soon but it has definitely helped improve their awareness of pool safety


  • Swimming is so important and water safety from a very young age


  • I wish I put my son into lessons earlier.. Tryna teach him now though.


  • Great article! Wish I had my kids enrolled in swimming earlier. Never too late.


  • Thank you for all the informations


  • I dont think any age is too early – water safety matters.
    However, you have to what works for you – as a single parent I cant take my daughter to swimming lessons when I have her twin brothers to look after too. Plus we dont have a car, and with many of the swim lessons, parents are expected to be one parent to one child – which we just can’t do.


  • Both my 2 year old and 6 month old is in swimming lessons, it is one of the most important things to learn but the cost can be quite expensive for a lot of people.


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